Do Sleeping Pills Really Help You Sleep
This episode of DNews is proudly brought toyou by Subaru. More than six million adults in the UnitedStates take a sleeping pill at least once a month before they go to bed at night, andthat number is increasing. But do we even know what they're doing to our brainsé! Hey there friends, Trace here for DNews. Sleepingpills, or more accurately, sleep aids are growing in popularity, but are they helpingéA study from the CDC called the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey foundsleep aid use increased in the first decade of this century significantly, with more womenthan men using sleep aids.
Sleep aids come in a variety of types, butmost common are quot;sedative hypnoticsquot; which means it's a pill which mimics being knockedout for a surgical procedure. Benzodiazepines and Nonbenzodiazepines are in this type,they are sometimes called Zdrugs, because they all have Z's in them. Other than these,some people are prescribed antidepressants, or powerful antihistamines. Some of these aids succeed in knocking youout by depressing the central nervous system function, others, like the antihistamine increasedrowsiness. There's a newer drug class of quot;Orexin receptor antagonistsquot; which blocka brain chemical which keeps you aware and
wakeful. Each of these drugs are great forknocking a human out, but bing unconscious isn't SLEEP. Professor Matthew Walker from University ofCalifornia Berkeley told Probably Science if you want to quot;lose consciousness,quot; thesedrugs are fine, but it's not natural sleep; it's simulated sleep. Drugs alter the quot;sleepstructurequot; or natural patterns and rhythms of sleep. When you're sleeping, your brainis active, organizing your day, making dreams and cleaning itself. Most of the newest drugswill allow the brain into REM sleep, but they DON'T allow the brain to go through the fullnatural sleep process, which means the brain
doesn't have a chance to clean up and processmemories from the day before; cementing them for future reference. According to the National Institutes of Health,you should never take sleep aids more than three times in a week, and make sure you addressany other mental health issues like anxiety or depression before taking a sleep aid. Theproblem is many sleep aids are habit forming and accidental overdoses are possible thoughthey're usually not lethal. A popular alternative to drugs is melatonin;a natural hormone which resets your circadian clock. Everyone produces melatonin from thepineal (pihkneeuhl) gland in the middle
of the brain. When the sun drops, melatoninproduction ramps up for 12 hours helping you feel less aware and awake usually startingaround 9 PM. The problem with melatonin PILLS is they're not regulated by the FDA sothe amount of the hormone in the pill isn't standardized. If you take too much, your bodymay get used to higher levels than you naturally produce. This isn't a drug to take willynilly,because it won't MAKE you sleep, it only HELPS you sleep. Scientific tests done with placebosand melatonin found no difference between the two. For people who don't like pills, psychologicalor behavioral training can help encourage
sleep, and has the added benefit of encouragingNATURAL sleep rather than sedation. The training starts with things as simple as cutting caffeinesix hours before bed, and turning off screens three hours before, as well as using redshiftsoftware like Flux to simulate evening sun on your computer screen. Have you ever taken a sleeping pillé Do youhave a bedtime routineé I find simply SAYING the word sleepy makes me more sleepy. isthat weirdé Yeah. I guess it kind of is. One place where you DON'T want to sleep isbehind the wheel, so why not make your car even MORE awesome! Check out Tekzilla's PatrickNorton who teamed up with Subaru to customize
Homeopathy quackery and fraud James Randi
Good morning. Happy to see so many fine folks out here and so many smiling faces. I have a very peculiar background, attitude and approach to the real world because I am a conjurer. Now, I prefer that term over magician,
because if I were a magician, that would mean that I use spells and incantations and weird gestures in order to accomplish real magic. No, I don't do that; I'm a conjurer, who is someone who pretends to be a real magician. (Laughter) Now, how do we go about that sort of thingé
We depend on the fact that audiences, such as yourselves, will make assumptions. For example, when I walked up here and I took the microphone from the stand and switched it on, you assumed this was a microphone, which it is not. (Laughter)
As a matter of fact, this is something that about half of you, more than half of you will not be familiar with. It's a beard trimmer, you seeé And it makes a very bad microphone; I've tried it many times. (Laughter) The other assumption that you made and this little lesson is to show you that you will make assumptions.
Not only that you can, but that you will when they are properly suggested to you. You believe I'm looking at you. Wrong. I'm not looking at you. I can't see you. I know you're out there, they told me backstage, it's a full house and such. I know you're there because I can hear you, but I can't see you because I normally wear glasses. These are not glasses, these are empty frames. (Laughter)
Quite empty frames. Now why would a grown man appear before you wearing empty frames on his faceé To fool you, ladies and gentlemen, to deceive you, to show that you, too, can make assumptions. Don't you ever forget that. Now, I have to do something first of all, switch to real glasses