Top 10 Bizarre Sleep Disorders TopTenzNet
Top 10 Bizarre Sleep Disorders 10. Sleep Bruxism More commonly known as teeth grinding, sleepbruxism is when someone, while sleeping, is known to clench or grind their teeth together.Many say that it is caused by stress, tension, anxiety, suppressed anger, or something assimple as a misalignment of the teeth. Simple treatments are given to correct the problemgenerally, such as a mouth guard or therapy. Though the condition doesn't seem very serious,in many cases sleep bruxism can become an issue. If the bruxism carries on for too long,it can lead to jaw disorders, damaged teeth,
headaches, and other problems. 9. Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a very serious condition thatis marked by the stopping and starting of breathing during the night. It is said thatthe condition elevates the risk for a stroke. s say that loud snoring or waking upfeeling tired even after a long nights rest may be indicators of sleep apnea. There aretwo main types of sleep apnea: obstructive, which is when the throat muscles relax andthe airways narrow or close, and central sleep apnea, which is when the brain fails to sendmessages to the breathing muscles. Sleep apnea
can be due to excess weight, high blood pressure,smoking, or a history of the disorder. 8. Somnambulism Better known as sleepwalking, somnambulismis said to be a pretty harmless condition that many people grow out of over time. However,it can be serious in some cases, as those who sleepwalk generally do daily tasks, soa sleepwalker could easily get into a car and drive. It is said that 15% of childrenbetween the ages of 812 experience sleepwalking. Many times the person who sleepwalks willnot remember it, but may wake up with glassy eyes or speaking clumsily. Sleep walking itusually caused by an underlying problem, such
as seizures, sleep apnea, PTSD, or arrhythmias,and is therefore not treated. Instead the cause of sleep walking becomes the main focus. 7. Narcolepsy We've all been tired during the day at somepoint in time, but people with narcolepsy are generally extremely tired during the dayand will often experience sudden sleep spells. Narcoleptics can be extremely serious, butthere is still no known cure. One out of every 2,000 people is said to have narcolepsy. Plentyof treatments exist, but none fully get rid of the condition. s believe that brainchemicals, notably hypocretin, play a large
role in narcolepsy. Generally these cellsare excessively damaged, which causes disruptions to sleep patterns, as hypocretin is knownto regulate the REM sleep cycle as well as staying awake. However, no one knows why thesecells are damaged, and how they become damaged. 6. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is classifiedby a strong and urgent need to move the legs. The urge is said to be extremely hard to resist,as there are often uneasy feelings felt inside of the legs. Some say it's a prickling sensationwhile others say it's more of a tingling feeling. In any case, the sensations can bepainful, which makes sitting or lying down
hard for those with RLS. RLS is a sleep disorderbecause the condition is said to be its worse at night and then eases off in the morningand it causes disruptions to normal sleep patterns. It is said that 5%10% of peoplein the U.S. and Northern Europe will experience RLS. 5. Hypersomnia Hypersomnia is a very rare sleep disorderthat is said to only affect 200 people in the world today. The disorder is made up ofperiods of severe sleepiness. These periods of sleep can last for up to 18 hours a dayand can go on for days and even weeks. It
Sleep disorders Processing the Environment MCAT Khan Academy
Voiceover: I'm sure we'veall had trouble sleeping at one point or another, maybe trouble falling asleep,staying asleep or waking up or maybe you're forcingyourself to sleep less because you have toomuch to do to lie in bed. But sleep deprivationcan be a serious issue. People who don't get enoughsleep are more irritable and perform worse onmemory and detention tasks
than people who do. So all this can be just a minorannoyance in everyday life, imagine the longtermimplications for let's say, airline pilots, firefighters,security officers or the person driving nextto you on the freeway. For example, one studyin Canada showed that the Monday after the Spring time change, so when people lose an hour of sleep,
the number of trafficaccidents increases sharply compared to the Mondayafter the Fall time change when people get an extra hour of sleep, the number of accidents decreases sharply. So that's just one example,but sleep deprivation also makes people more susceptible to obesity. When you're sleep deprived you'rebody produces more cortisol which is a hormone that tellsyour body to make more fat.
You also produce more of thehormone that tells your body you're hungry, so you end upeating more and turning more of what you eat into fat whichcan contribute to weight gain. And finally sleep deprivationcan also increase your risk for depression and one theoryabout this link is that REM sleep helps your brainprocess emotional experiences, which in turn helpsprotect against depression though we're still notentirely sure about this link.
Most people, now most peopleexperience sleep deprivation at some points in their lives, but the good news isthat most people can get back on track by getting afew nights of good sleep, sort of paying back your sleep debt. Your next question might be then, quot;How much sleep is enough sleepéquot; That's kind of a hard question to answer,
but most adults needabout 78 hours of sleep, but the exact number variesby individual and by age. Babies need a lot more sleep,for example, than older adults often sleep less than 10 or 8hours without severe detriments. Again everyone has troublefalling asleep at some point, but people who have persistentproblems in falling or staying asleep have a more seroussleep disorder called insomnia. There are various medicationsthat can help people